Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis) is a common respiratory illness in children that presents with hoarseness, a characteristic barking cough, rhinorrhea, and fever.
Spasmodic croup (sub...
Croup typically starts with an upper respiratory infection (URI)—rhinorrhea, cough, and congestion.
Fever is often present.
Within 12 to 48 hours, upper airway obstruction occurs abrupt...
Oxygen (if needed)
Endotracheal intubation is very rarely required, noted to occur about 1% of the time in studies.
In most cases, the illness is self-limited, lasting 3 to 5 days.
A “rebound phenomenon” with worsening of stridor and respiratory distress after ...
Bjornson CL, Johnson DW. Croup in Children. CMAJ. 2013;185(15):1317–1323. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
Bjornson CL, Russell KF, Vandermeer B, et al. Nebulized epinephrine fo...
490 Bronchitis, not specified as acute or chronic
J05.0 Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup]
J40 Bronchitis, not specified as acute or chronic
71186008 Croup (disorder)
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Figure 266.3. Croup. Steeple sign on a soft-tissue neck radiograph.
<bold>Fig C 38-1 Croup.</bold> (A) Smooth, tapered narrowing (arrow) of the subglottic portion of the trachea (gothic arch sign). (B) A normal trachea with broad shouldering in the subglottic region.
<bold>Fig C 38-1 Croup.</bold> (A) Smooth, tapered narrowing (arrow) of the subglottic portion of the trachea (gothic arch sig...