Defect in the diaphragm allowing herniation of abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity, causing varying degrees of pulmonary hypoplasia
There are four types of congenital diaphrag...
CDH is detected by prenatal ultrasound in >70% cases.
Mean gestational age at diagnosis is 24 weeks.
Poor prognostic factors:
Severe associated anomalies
Intubation and ventilation
Intubate in delivery room.
Avoid bag and mask ventilation.
Nasogastric tube insertion and continuous suction to decompress herniated contents and redu...
Many babies with CDH have long-term problems including:
Breathing or other lung problems
Not gaining weight
Learning problems or hearing loss
Bohn D. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;166(7):911–915. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
Danzer E, Gerdes M, D’Agostino JA, et al. Longitudinal ...
756.6 Anomalies of diaphragm
748.5 Agenesis, hypoplasia, and dysplasia of lung
Q79.0 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Q33.6 Congenital hypoplasia and dysplasia of lung
Q: What is the recurrence rate?
A: Reported rates of recurrence vary from 10% to 50%. Serial screening with CXR and a high index of suspicion is necessary. The typical presentation includes emesis,...
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