Tetanus is characterized by muscle rigidity and spasms due to production of a neurotoxin in infected wounds by Clostridium tetani, an anaerobic spore-forming gram-positive bacillus.
Incubation period is 3 to 21 days (usually 10 days) but varies as inoculations distal to CNS are associated with longer incubation periods.
“Lockjaw” or trismus is i...
Tetanus is not a transmissible disease.
Keep patient in a quiet, darkened room with minimum stimulus.
Monitor cardiac and respiratory status closely.
Be prepared to perform a tr...
Signs and symptoms usually progress for ~1 week, then plateau for ~1 week, and gradually improve over the next 2 to 6 weeks.
Overall mortality rates have decreased with advances i...
Brook I. Tetanus in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004;20(1):48–51. [View Abstract on OvidInsights]
Hassel B. Tetanus: pathophysiology, treatment, and the possibility of using ...
771.3 Tetanus neonatorum
A35 Other tetanus
A33 Tetanus neonatorum
76902006 Tetanus (disorder)
43424001 tetanus neonatorum (disorder)
240434007 Generalized tetanus
Q: What types of wounds are tetanus-prone?
A: Punctures, avulsion wounds, crush injuries, burns, wounds from frostbite or missiles, and wounds contaminated with saliva, soil, or feces.
Q: How is tet...
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