Dysrhythmia characterized by seemingly disorganized atrial depolarizations without effective atrial contraction
Caused by multiple re-entrant waveforms within the atria
Atrial rate ran...
Decreased cardiac output:
Altered mental status
Lower extremity edema
In settings where patient is unstable
Immediate synchronized electrical cardioversion starting at 2...
Inability to control rate
High risk for stroke:
Prior cardiovascular accident
Associated medical problems contributing to the AF that require inpatie...
If hemodynamically unstable and life threatening, synchronized cardioversion is warranted
Rate or rhythm control is an individualized option for stable atrial fibrillation using β-b...
Chinitz JS, Halperin JL, Reddy VY, et al. Rate or rhythm control for atrial fibrillation: Update and controversies. Am J Med. 2012;125(11):1049–1056.
Crandall MA, Bradley ...
I48.0 Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
I48.1 Persistent atrial fibrillation
I48.91 Unspecified atrial fibrillation
I48.2 Chronic atrial fibrillation
Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.