Dissociate in the presence of H2O to produce hydroxy (OH−) ions, which leads to liquefaction necrosis
Postingestion—mainly damages the esophagus:
Gastric damage can occur (see ...
Absence of visible lesions in the oropharynx does not exclude visceral injuries.
For oral burns or symptoms: Rinse mouth liberally with water or milk.
Water or milk can be given to following patients:
Able to drink
Not complaining of significant abdominal pain
All symptomatic patients
Asymptomatic patients who accidentally ingested and are able to swallow without difficulty
Dilute with milk or water at home or in the ED within the 1st 30 min.
Perform copious irrigation of ocular or dermal exposure:
Alkalis require more irrigation than acids.
Lupa M, Magne J, Guarisco L, et al. Update on the diagnosis and treatment of caustic ingestions. Ochsner J. 2009;9:54–59.
Riffat F, Cheng A. Pediatric caustic ingestion: 5...
947.0 Burn of mouth and pharynx
947.2 Burn of esophagus
947.3 Burn of gastrointestinal tract
947.1 Burn of larynx, trachea, and lung
947.8 Burn of other specified sites of internal organs
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