One of the most common pediatric complaints; 2nd only to respiratory infections in overall disease frequency for ED visits
Leading cause of illness and death in children worldwide
Frequent, loose stools
Signs of dehydration:
Sometimes abdominal pain, fever, anorexia
Signs of dehydration reflect degree of loss of total body wate...
For severely dehydrated children in shock or near shock, IV or intraosseous access with 20 mL/kg 0.9% NS and 1 g/kg dextrose if hypoglycemic
Inability to tolerate oral fluids
10% dehydration or greater
Suspected complicated Salmonella enteritis
History and PE assists in differentiating uncomplicated diarrhea from other, often more serious conditions in children.
Vast majority of children with acute diarrhea do not need ext...
Canavan A, Arant BS Jr. Diagnosis and management of dehydration in children. Am Fam Physician. 2009;80(7):692–696.
Levy JA, Bachur RG, Monuteaux MC, et al. Intravenous dex...
008.8 Intestinal infection due to other organism, not elsewhere classified
008.61 Enteritis due to rotavirus
008.63 Enteritis due to norwalk virus
008.00 Intestinal infection due...
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