Drowning: “A process resulting in primary respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in a liquid medium”
Fatal drowning: Death at any time as a result of drowning
Copious pulmonary secretions
Loss of consciousness
Evidence of trauma:
Cervical spine injury r...
Attention to ABCs:
Avoid further aspiration
Cervical spine precautions if injury suspected or concerning mechanism
Early rewarming attempts
Delayed symptomatology occurs:
Pulmonary edema (up to 12 hr later)
Patients who required CPR or artificial ventilation
Abnormal chest ra...
All patients with drowning incident require at least 8 hr of observation
Indicators of poor prognosis:
Acidemia (pH <7.1 on presentation)
Age <3 yr
Submersion >10 min
Time to b...
Burford AE, Ryan LM, Stone BJ, et al. Drowning and near-drowning in children and adolescents: A succinct review for emergency physicians and nurses. Pediatr Emerg Care. 200...
507.0 Pneumonitis due to inhalation of food or vomitus
994.1 Drowning and nonfatal submersion
J69.0 Pneumonitis due to inhalation of food and vomit
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