Clinically apparent accumulation of extravascular fluid due to a derangement in the balance of oncotic and hydrostatic forces:
Increase in venous/capillary hydrostatic pressure
Weight gain of several kilograms
Discomfort in the affected areas
Increased venous hydrostatic pressure or decreased oncotic pressure
Treatment should be directed toward the underlying cause.
Diuretics are usually indicated in cases of generalized edema...
Base the decision to admit the patient on the underlying etiology.
Concomitant cardiovascular or pulmonary compromise
Inability to ambulate without adequate home s...
Classify edema as generalized vs. localized, pitting vs. nonpitting.
Pitting edema is caused by “protein-poor” extravasated fluid (by increased hydrostatic pressure or decreased onc...
Braunwald E, Loscalzo J. Edema. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2012.
Ely JW, ...
992.7 Heat edema
995.1 Angioneurotic edema, not elsewhere classified
R60.9 Edema, unspecified
T67.7XXA Heat edema, initial encounter
T78.3XXA Angioneurotic edema, initial encount...
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