Nosebleeds are a common emergency presentation that is usually minor and self-limited but rarely may be life threatening:
Lifetime incidence of ∼60%:
The incidence decreases with age, ...
Laterality of the bleeding
Intensity and amount of bleeding from the nares
Recurrence of epistaxis and history of prior episodes
Nasal obstruction and the duration of t...
Stable patients: Patient should bend forward at the waist; pinch nares closed, and spit out blood rather than swallow it.
Intubation, if airway is compromised
Severe blood loss requiring transfusion
Severe coagulopathy that places the patient at risk of further blood loss
Posterior nasal packing: Otolaryngology consult a...
Foreign bodies should be suspected in any unilateral nasal bleeding in small children, psychiatric patients, and patients with mental retardation.
Avoid covering anterior nasal ball...
Barnes ML, Spielmann PM, White PS. Epistaxis: A contemporary evidence based approach. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2012;45(5):1005–1017.
Lewis, TJ. Epistaxis. In: Wolfson AB...
12441001 Epistaxis (disorder)
232354002 Anterior epistaxis
232355001 Posterior epistaxis
232356000 Traumatic epistaxis
232357009 Post-surgical epistaxi...
Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.