AIDS: Defined as lab evidence of HIV with CD4 <200 or AIDS defining illness—infection (e.g., cryptosporidium), malignancy (e.g., Kaposi, cervical cancer), or other (e.g., HIV wast...
Primary HIV infection: 2–6 wk after exposure:
Fever and malaise
Rash on face and trunk
Flu-like syndrome with lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly
Up to 90...
Patients who appear to have bacterial infections, appear toxic, or have rapidly progressive symptoms should receive their 1st dose of antibiotics in the ED.
Begin HIV t...
Unexplained fever with CNS involvement or suspected endocarditis
Hypoxemia (PaO2 <70 mm Hg)
Cardiac symptoms suggestive of ACS
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome usually manifests within 8 wk of initiation of HAART as symptoms of opportunistic or autoimmune disease.
For occupation exposures, there ...
Belleza WG, Browne B. Pulmonary considerations in the immunocompromised patient. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2003;21(2):499–531.
Church JA. Pediatric HIV in the emergency depar...
042 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
V08 Asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection status
176.9 Kaposi's sarcoma, unspecified site
007.8 Other s...
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