Main complication from hydrocarbon exposure is aspiration:
Hydrocarbon aspiration primarily affects central nervous and respiratory systems.
Physical properties determine type and exte...
Often asymptomatic at presentation
Odor of hydrocarbons on breath
Sudden sniffing death:
Decontaminate clothes, skin, and hair of any hydrocarbon exposure
Do not induce emesis.
Ipecac contraindicated owing to increased risk of aspiration
Keep volatile-substance abusers ...
Patients with potential delayed organ toxicity (carbon tetrachloride or other toxic additives)
Observe for 6 hr then dischar...
Aspiration risk is inversely related to viscosity and surface tension and directly related to volatility
Provide external d...
Anas N, Namasonthi V, Ginsburg CM. Criteria for hospitalizing children who have ingested products containing hydrocarbons. JAMA. 1981;246:840–843.
Dice WH, Ward G, Kelly ...
982.3 Toxic effect of other chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents
987.1 Toxic effect of other hydrocarbon gas
989.2 Toxic effect of chlorinated hydrocarbons
987.0 Toxic effect of liquefied petroleum...
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