Defined as a serum potassium level <3.5 mEq/L:
Mild: 3–3.5 mEq/L
Moderate: 2.5–3 mEq/L
Severe: <2.5 mEq/L
Up to 20% of inpatients have documented hypokalemia (5% have lev...
Severe weakness (K <2.5 mEq/L):
Begins in the lower extremities and progresses cephalad
May progress to paralysis if K <2 mEq/L and rapid developme...
Establish IV access/volume resuscitation
Total body deficit is 200–300 mEq per 1 mEq/L decrement in serum potassium l...
Need of IV potassium repletion
Profound muscle weakness
Ongoing K losses
Serum potassium <2.5 mEq/L
Associated with significant hypotension or...
If hypokalemia is accompanied by acidosis, correct hypokalemia 1st before treating the acidosis so as to avoid life-threatening hypokalemia from transcellular shifts.
Alkaabi JM, Mushtaq A, Al-Maskari FN, et al. Hypokalemic periodic paralysis: A case series, review of the literature and update of management. Eur J Emerg Med. 2010;17(1):4...
255.13 Bartter's syndrome
E26.81 Bartter's syndrome
43339004 hypokalemia (disorder)
22774003 Hypokalemic alkalosis ...
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