An irritant is any noncorrosive substance that on immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact with respiratory mucosa will induce a local inflammatory reaction.
Respiratory irritants ar...
Dependent on water solubility
Highly water-soluble gases:
Eye, nose, throat burning
Shortness of breath
Intermediate water solubility:
100% oxygen t...
Significant respiratory insufficiency or potential upper airway obstruction
Persistently symptomatic with bronchospasm or oxygen r...
Beware of delayed onset of low-solubility agents. These exposures may require 23-hr observation for delayed respiratory symptoms.
Avoid exposure of agent to first responders, with a...
Bosse GM. Nebulized sodium bicarbonate in the treatment of chlorine gas inhalation. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1994;32:233–241.
Rorison DG, McPherson SJ. Acute toxic inhalation...
986 Toxic effect of carbon monoxide
987.7 Toxic effect of hydrocyanic acid gas
987.9 Toxic effect of unspecified gas, fume, or vapor
987.8 Toxic effect of other specified gases, fumes, or vapor...
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