Inflammation of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, generally caused by direct extension of acute purulent otitis media
Middle ear and mastoid air cells are contiguous via the...
Mild to severe hearing loss
History of irritability in a child
History of recurrent otitis media
Tenderness, edema, and erythe...
Airway management for signs of airway compromise
0.9% NS IV fluid bolus for hypotension/volume depletion
Initiate IV antibiotics
Clinical suspicion of acute or coalescent mastoiditis
It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for mastoiditis in setting of persistent or untreated acute otitis media.
Failure to recognize meningitis or intracranial invol...
Anderson KJ. Mastoiditis. Pediatr Rev. 2009;30:233–234.
Anthonsen K, Høstmark K, Hansen S, et al. Acute mastoiditis in children. A 10-year retrospective and validated multi...
383.00 Acute mastoiditis without complications
383.01 Subperiosteal abscess of mastoid
383.9 Unspecified mastoiditis
383.1 Chronic mastoiditis
383.02 Acute mastoiditis with other complications
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