Colorless, volatile liquid
Absorbed in 30–60 min
Metabolized by liver
Half-life 4–8 hr
Metabolites of formaldehyde and formic acid produce toxic effects.
Transport all possibly ingested substances.
Dermal decontamination of a methanol spill by clothing removal, irrigation with soap and water
Monitor airway and CNS depression.
Significant historical methanol ingestion even if initially asymptomatic
ICU admission for seriously ill patients
Transfer to another facility if hemodialysis or a...
An osmol gap <10 mmol/L does not rule out a methanol exposure.
If you have a patient with an elevated anion gap and methanol exposure is in the differential diagnosis, administer...
Desai T, Sudhalkar A, Vyas U, et al. Methanol poisoning predictors of visual outcomes. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131(3):358–364.
Leikin J, Paloucek F. Fomepizole. Leikin and P...
T51.1X1A Toxic effect of methanol, accidental (unintentional), initial encounter
T51.1X2A Toxic effect of methanol, intentional self-harm, initial en...
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