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Mumps, Emergency Medicine

Reviewed 06/2017



Vaccine preventable infectious diseases characterized by swelling of salivary glands, in particular the parotid glands. 


  • Rubulavirus, single stranded RNA virus, in the Paramyx...


Signs and Symptoms

  • Incubation period from exposure to onset of symptoms (14–18 days):

    • Viral transmission is via respiratory droplets, saliva, contact with contaminated fomites

    • Replication in na...



Nonimmunized pre-hospital care personnel exposed to mumps should be advised of potential risks. 

Initial Stabilization/Therapy

IV fluids for vomiting/dehydration 

Ed Treatment/Procedures



Admission Criteria

  • Seriously ill who require supportive care

  • Vomiting and dehydration

  • Encephalitis, meningitis

  • Severe pancreatitis

  • Isolate admitted patients

Discharge Criteria

  • Virtually ...

Pearls and Pitfalls

  • Mumps virus is the only cause of epidemic parotitis.

  • Vaccines are highly effective, and when correctly given confer 90% immunity. MMR should not be given to pregnant women or immuno...

Additional Reading

  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Mumps. In: Pickering  LK, ed. Red Book 2012: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 29th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pe...



  • 072.0 Mumps orchitis

  • 072.3 Mumps pancreatitis

  • 072.9 Mumps without mention of complication

  • 072.1 Mumps meningitis

  • 072.2 Mumps encephalitis

  • 072.79 Other mumps with other specified complications

  • 072....

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