Originally called Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, then renamed Pneumocystis jirovecii but still referred to as PCP
Most common opportunistic infection in patients with HIV, even with ...
Up to 7% of patients can be asymptomatic.
Patients on inhaled pentamidine prophylaxis may have milder symptoms:
Increased incidence of pneumothorax
Provide adequate oxygenation with nasal cannula up to 100% nonrebreather.
Moderate to severe disease (PaO2 <70 mm Hg or A–a gradient >35 mm Hg)
Inability to digest medications
Inability to return for careful follow-up
Include PCP in differential diagnosis in any patient presenting with shortness of breath who is immunocompromised or is suspected of having undiagnosed HIV.
Patients considered for ...
Thomas CF Jr, Limper AH. Pneumocystis pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:2487–2498.
Huang L, Quartin A, Jones D, et al. Intensive care of patients with HIV infection. N Eng...
415125002 Pneumocystosis jiroveci pneumonia (disorder)
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