Presence of free air or gas within the mediastinum (mediastinal emphysema)
May originate from esophagus, lungs, or bronchial tree (aerodigestive process)
May occur spontaneously (prima...
Chest pain (most common symptom in multiple series):
Radiating to back and arms
Occurs in association with dissecti...
Resuscitation of the acutely ill patient (as in the patient with septic mediastinitis)
In the appropriate setting, standard care of the trauma patient
Withhold PO intake
Possibility of esophageal rupture has not been excluded
Abnormal vital signs
Ensure that underlying causes are excluded.
Be aware of typical presenting features (chest pain, dyspnea, and neck swelling), pre-existing conditions, and precipitating factors asso...
Al-Mufarrej F, Badar J, Gharagozloo F, et al. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum: Diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2008;3:59.
Caceres M, Ali SZ, B...
16838000 Mediastinal emphysema (disorder)
427445002 Tension pneumomediastinum (disorder)
Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.