Mechanism is often unknown.
Source is oropharyngeal aspiration (most common) or hematogenous.
Distribution depends on the organism: Interstitial (Mycoplasma pneumoniae, virus), lobar (...
General (in all ages):
Tachypnea, retractions, grunting
Rash (up to 10% of cases); usually maculopapular
Nonspecific symptoms of toxicity
Administer high-flow oxygen for respiratory distress.
IV fluids (0.9% normal saline [NS] 20 mL/kg initial bolus) for volume depletion, hypotension
Support and intubat...
Respiratory distress or failure
Infants <2 mo
Infants <6 mo with lobar pneumonia
Hypoxia (O2 saturation <92% on ro...
Early, aggressive airway management for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock
Delays to antibiotic therapy should be avoided.
Discharged patients should have clear evidence of...
Cevey-Macherel M, Galetto-Lacour A, Gervaix A, et al. Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized children based on WHO clinical guidelines. Eur J Pediatr. 200...
483.0 Pneumonia due to mycoplasma pneumoniae
486 Pneumonia, organism unspecified
507.0 Pneumonitis due to inhalation of food or vomitus
481 Pneumococcal pneumonia [Streptococcus pneumoniae pneu...
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