Prior CHF diagnosis
History of coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction
Severe systemic illness
Dyspnea on exertion progressing to...
100% nonrebreather mask
If bag valve mask is needed, should use PEEP valve if available
Acute cardiac ischemia or infarction
New-onset pulmonary edema
Nitrates, SL and IV, are 1st-line therapy to reduce preload.
BNP can reliably differentiate between AHF syndromes and other causes of dyspnea.
AHF chest radiography findings can be a...
Heart Failure Society of America, Lindenfeld J, Albert NM, et al. HFSA2010 Comprehensive Heart Failure Practice Guideline. J Card Fail. 2010;16(6):e1–e194.
Jois-Bilowich P, D...
428.1 Left heart failure
514 Pulmonary congestion and hypostasis
518.82 Other pulmonary insufficiency, not elsewhere classified
I50.1 Left ventricular failure
J80 Acute respiratory distress...
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