Radiation in this chapter refers to ionizing radiation.
Alpha (α)—helium nucleus; does not penetrate skin
Beta (β)—electron; penetrates tissue a few cm
Gamma (γ)—photon; penetrates body
Diagnosing contamination is fairly easy.
Diagnosing and quantifying exposure is more difficult and probably require expert consultation.
Vary based on dose; see: http://www.a...
Must provide protection from dust (particulate respirator; e.g., N-95, gown, gloves, hair, and shoe covers)
Radiography aprons are of no value—they do not...
Lymphocyte count <1,000 at 24–48 hr postexposure
Lymphocyte count decreased 50% at 24–48 hr
Suspect acute exposure >200 rad
Significant trauma or other illnes...
Emergency medical care takes precedence over decontamination:
No known case where a live, contaminated patient was so radioactive as to be an immediate hazard to emergency personnel
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Emergency Preparedness and Response: Radiation Emergencies. Available at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/.
National Library of Medicine's ...
508.0 Acute pulmonary manifestations due to radiation
990 Effects of radiation, unspecified
V87.39 Contact with and (suspected) exposure to other potentially hazardous substances
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