The symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) are produced by compression of the brachial plexus, subclavian vein, or subclavian artery during their passage from the cervical area t...
Classically, pain, paresthesia, and weakness of the hand, arm, and shoulder
May see wasting of the thenar eminence, also known as Gilliatt–Sumner hand
Heparinization if signs of arterial or venous thrombosis
Vascular surgery consult for signs of ischemia and for catheter-directed thrombolysis if needed:
Arterial aneurysm or stenosis
Nonlimb-threatening neurologic findings
Absence of arte...
3 types of TOS: Neurogenic, arterial, and venous:
Neurogenic is most common in adults.
ATOS and VTOS are the more common types in children and adolescents.
VTOS is the only type that ...
Brantigan CO, Roos DB. Diagnosing thoracic outlet syndrome. Hand Clin. 2004;20(1):27–36.
Huang JH, Zager EL. Thoracic outlet syndrome. Neurosurgery. 2004;55(4):897–90...
128210009 thoracic outlet syndrome (disorder)
2040007 Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (disorder)
Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.