Prototypical volatile hydrocarbon
Clear, colorless liquid with sweet odor
Abused for its euphoric effect
Used as organic solvent found in:
Oil paints and st...
Rapid onset of toxicity
Death possible with sudden cardiac dysrhythmias (sudden sniffing death), often from catecholamine surge (e.g., eluding police)
Topical decontamination as ne...
Altered mental status
Severe metabolic derangements
Myocardial sensitization to catecholamines:
Possibility of sudden dysrhythmia/death
Cardiac dysrhythmias have poor prognosis
Monitor and replete electrolyte abnormalities.
Bowen SE, Hannigan JH. Developmental toxicity of prenatal exposure to toluene. AAPS J. 2006;8:E419–E424.
Filley CM, Halliday W, Kleinschmidt-Demasters BK. The effects of t...
305.90 Other, mixed, or unspecified drug abuse, unspecified use
982.0 Toxic effect of benzene and homologues
F18.10 Inhalant abuse, uncomplicated
F18.120 Inhalant abuse with intoxication, ...
Sign up for a 10-day FREE Trial now and receive full access to all content.