Ventricular peritoneal (VP) shunts are usually placed for hydrocephalus:
Conduit between CSF and peritoneal cavity (or right atrium)
Obstruction: Shunt malfunction impairs drainage of ...
Malaise, general weakness, irritability
Decreased level of consciousness (LOC)
Increased head size or bulging fontanelle
Seizures: New-onset ...
Patients with shunt malfunction are at risk for apnea and respiratory arrest
Oxygen should be applied with close monitoring of respiratory status
When increased ICP is suspected, t...
Avoid “tunnel vision” in a patient with a shunt and consider other causes for the presentation
Severe constipation may cause increased intra-abdominal pressure and decrease drainage...
Barnes NP, Jones SJ, Hayward RD, et al. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt block: What are the best predictive clinical indicators? Arch Dis Child. 2002;87:198–201.
Madsen MA. Emer...
V45.2 Presence of cerebrospinal fluid drainage device
996.63 Infection and inflammatory reaction due to nervous system device, implant, and graft
996.75 Other complications due to nervous syst...
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