Neuroexcitation is the hallmark of benzodiazepine, barbiturate, and opiate withdrawal
Benzodiazepine and barbiturate withdrawal can be life threatening
Opiate withdrawal can be extreme...
Benzodiazepines and barbiturates:
Assess vital signs
Assess capillary glucose
Attention to ABCs
Obtain IV access
IV fluid administration
Moderate-to-severe withdrawal symptoms
Persistent withdrawal symptoms
Psychosis with withdrawal
Concomitant medical condition that may complica...
Misdiagnosis of medical disease as withdrawal syndrome
Misunderstanding the relationship between withdrawal syndromes and comorbid medical illness
Important to administer sufficient ...
Hamilton RJ. Withdrawal principles. In: Nelson LS, ed. Goldfrank's Toxicologic Emergencies. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2010.
Leikin JB. Substance-related disorders in ad...
F11.23 Opioid dependence with withdrawal
F15.23 Other stimulant dependence with withdrawal
F19.239 Oth psychoactive substance dependence with withdrawal, unsp
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