A severe localized injury due to cold exposure, causing tissue to freeze, resulting in direct cellular injury and progressive dermal ischemia (most commonly of exposed hands, feet, f...
Significant cold exposure—determine length and severity.
Loss of coordination and dexterity
Hands, feet, face, and ears are most commonly ...
Assess for additional injuries.
Remove jewelry from affected extremities.
Initiate rewarming of affected body part only if there is no risk of refreezing.
Protect injured body parts.
Continue physical therapy.
Avoid recurrent cold exposure.
Ensure properly fitting clothing and footwear.
Handford C, Thomas O, Imray C. Frostbite. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017;35(2):281–299. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
Imray C, Grieve A, Dhillon S; for Caudwell Xtreme Everest ...
T33.90XA Superficial frostbite of unspecified sites, init encntr
T34.90XA Frostbite with tissue necrosis of unsp sites, init encntr
T33.829A Superficial frostbite of unspecified foot, initial...
Frostbite is a tetanus-prone injury. Provide appropriate tetanus prophylaxis.
Avoid rewarming en route to the hospital if there is a chance of refreezing; rewarm only with water.
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