A core temperature of <35°C (95°F)
May take several hours to days to develop
Patients with cold-water immersion may appear dead but can sometimes still be resuscitated.
History of prolonged exposure to cold may make the diagnosis obvious, but hypothermia may be ...
Factors to guide treatment
Level of consciousness
Cardiovascular stability based on blood pressure and cardiac rhythm
ABCs of basic life...
During acute episode
Monitor cardiac rhythm.
Monitor electrolytes and glucose frequently.
Monitor urinary output.
Follow blood gases.
Petrone P, Asensio JA, Marini CP. Management of accidental hypothermia and cold injury. Curr Probl Surg. 2014;51(10):417–431. [View Abstract on OvidMedline]
Rischall ML, Rowla...
Frostbite; Nonfatal Drowning
T68.XXXA Hypothermia, initial encounter
T68.XXXD Hypothermia, subsequent encounter
T68.XXXS Hypothermia, sequela
386689009 Hypothermia (finding)
The most common cause of hypothermia in the United States is cold exposure due to alcohol intoxication.
With a severely decreased core temperature, begin resuscitation (if possible) unl...
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