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Human Trafficking

Tamar Stokelman, MD, Ronald G. Chambers, Jr., MD, FAAFP and Sarah Chaffin, MD Reviewed 06/2019
 


BASICS

DESCRIPTION

  • Human trafficking (a.k.a. modern slavery) is a global crisis. Victims include men, women, and children. The United Nations defines human trafficking as a crime based on exploitation....

DIAGNOSIS

Recognition 
  • Health care providers are among the few professionals who come into contact with human trafficking victims; failure to identify is a missed opportunity to connect victims with pr...

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

Following recognition, treatment follows a victim-centered, trauma-informed care approach. 
  • Preparation

    • Offer up-to-date referral information and multidisciplinary care in a ...

ONGOING CARE

  • Patient and community resources

    • NHTRC: Hotline of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides local resources and helps coordinate local social services for victims.

    • Polaris...

REFERENCES

1
World Health Organization. Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women: Female Genital Mutilation. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012. [View Abstract on OvidMedli...

CODES

ICD10

  • Z69.81 Encounter for mental health services for victim of other abuse

  • T74.32xA Child psychological abuse, confirmed, initial encounter

  • T74.91xA Unspecified adult maltreatment, confirmed, init...

CLINICAL PEARLS

  • Human trafficking is a crime of exploitation.

  • Victim-centered, trauma-informed care is crucial.

  • Contact the NHTRC to help human trafficking victims.

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