Fracture of the osseous walls of the orbit
Bony orbit is a conical structure:
Base faces anterolaterally.
Apex originates posteromedially.
Seven bones: frontal, maxilla, ...
Type of material
Size of object
Protective eyewear in use
Change in vision
Immediate referral to ophthalmology for open globe injury, facial fracture, symptomatic orbital emphysema, orbital compartment syndrome, ret...
Based on significance of ocular injury and associated findings
Noncontact sport: 2 wk
Contact sport: 4 to 6 wk
Surgery for fracture:
Return will vary.
Depends on ...
American Society for Testing and Materials: http://www.astm.org/Standards/F803.htm
Kontio R, Lindqvist C. Management of orbital fractures. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2...
Significant changes in VA or vision loss: possible optic nerve compromise:
Immediate ophthalmology consultation
Significant other exam abnormality: immediate ophthalm...
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