Altitude sickness was described and documented by missionaries to South America in the late 16th century.
High-altitude illness (HAI) is primarily caused by hypobaric hypoxemia. Rapid ascent to ...
Inability to focus or concentrate
HAPE: Symptoms of AMS may present initially and then progress 2 to 5 d...
Descent to a lower altitude is the mainstay of treatment for any HAI.
Low-intensity descent of at least 500 m is recommended.
Avoid further ascent until symptoms resolve.
Minimize heavy exertion for 2 to 3 days upon arrival to high altitude.
Maintain adequate hydration.
Eat frequent, small, high-carbohydrate meals.
Avoid alcohol or other seda...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018.
Flaherty G, O’Connor R, Johnston N. Altitude training for elite endurance athletes: a review...
Proper acclimatization (i.e., graded ascent) is the best method for preventing HAI.
Never ascend to a higher sleeping altitude if symptoms of HAI are present.
Acetazolamide 125 to 250 mg...
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