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Doxycycline



General

Pronunciation

(doks i SYE kleen)

Brand Names: U.S.

  • Acticlate
  • Avidoxy
  • Doryx
  • Doryx MPC
  • Doxy 100
  • Mondoxyne NL
  • Monodox [DSC]
  • Morgidox
  • Okebo [DSC]
  • Oracea
  • Soloxide [DSC]
  • TargaDOX
  • Vibramycin

Indications

Use: Labeled Indications

Acne: Adjunctive therapy in severe acne.

Actinomycosis: Treatment of actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii when penicillin is contraindicated.

Acute intestinal amebiasis: Adjunct to amebicides in acute intestinal amebiasis.

Anthrax, including inhalational anthrax (postexposure): Treatment of anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis, including inhalational (postexposure) prophylaxis; to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized B. anthracis.

Cholera: Treatment of cholera infections caused by Vibrio cholerae.

Clostridium: Treatment of infections caused by Clostridium spp. when penicillin is contraindicated.

Gram-negative infections: Treatment of infections caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella aerogenes (formerly Enterobacter aerogenes), Shigella spp., Acinetobacter spp., Klebsiella spp. (respiratory and urinary infections), and Bacteroides spp.; Neisseria meningitidis (when penicillin is contraindicated).

Gram-positive infections: Treatment of infections caused by Streptococcus spp., when susceptible.

Listeriosis: Treatment of listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes when penicillin is contraindicated.

Malaria, prophylaxis: Prophylaxis of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum in short-term travelers (under 4 months) to areas with chloroquine and/or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine-resistant strains.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Treatment of infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Ophthalmic infections: Treatment of inclusion conjunctivitis or trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.

Periodontitis (20 mg tablet and capsule [Periostat (Canadian product)] only): Adjunct to scaling and root planing to promote attachment level gain and to reduce pocket depth in patients with adult periodontitis.

Relapsing fever: Treatment of relapsing fever caused by Borrelia recurrentis.

Respiratory tract infections: Treatment of respiratory infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella spp., or Mycoplasma pneumoniae; treatment of upper respiratory tract infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae; respiratory infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (doxycycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection).

Rickettsial infections: Treatment of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever (Coxiella burnetii), rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae.

Rosacea (Oracea, Apprilon [Canadian product] only): Treatment of only inflammatory lesions (papules and pustules) of rosacea in adults.

Sexually transmitted infections: Treatment of lymphogranuloma venereum and uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis; granuloma inguinale (donovanosis) caused by Klebsiella granulomatis; chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi; nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum; when penicillin is contraindicated, syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum.

Skin and soft tissue infections (Avidoxy only): Treatment of skin and soft tissue infections caused by S. aureus (doxycycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection).

Vincent infection: Treatment of Vincent infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme when penicillin is contraindicated.

Yaws: Treatment of yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue when penicillin is contraindicated.

Zoonotic infections: Treatment of psittacosis (ornithosis) caused by Chlamydophila psittaci; plague due to Yersinia pestis; tularemia caused by Francisella tularensis; brucellosis caused by Brucella spp. (in conjunction with streptomycin); bartonellosis caused by Bartonella bacilliformis; infections caused by Campylobacter fetus.

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