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5MinuteConsult Journal Club

Intimate Partner Violence Worldwide

References

Lancet Feb. 2022; 399: 803-13

J Interpers Violence. 2021 Dec 5 : 08862605211052586

Summary

Between 2000 and 2018, 1 in 7 women (13%) self-reported intimate partner violence within the last year. There is data showing since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number is up to 15% globally, with an increase in severity of the violence as well.

Internationally, 27% of women report domestic violence in their lifetime. The rate for North America and Europe is lower (~5-8%) and there is a greater risk of those women living in Africa and Asia.

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening women of reproductive age for Intimate Partner violence by first assuring confidentiality and then stating:

“I ask this of all patients; I know all couples argue, but within the last year, have you been pushed, shoved, hit or otherwise physically hurt by your partner or are you afraid of anyone at home?”

If your patient answers in the positive, gently gather more details, then offer safe and secure information on programs and shelters.

Additional resources

-National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) and their website: https://www.thehotline.org/stakeholders/download-and-request-materials/

-Poster for exam rooms: 2206-Hotline-11x17-posters-digital_helper.pdf (thehotline.org)

-Federal Government information: https://www.womenshealth.gov/ 

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